Further Reading

Antsey, Roger and Christine Bolt, eds.  Anti-Slavery, Religion, and Reform: Essays in Memory of Roger Antsey.  Hamden, Conn.: Archon Books, 1980. 

AbzugAbzug, Robert H.  Cosmos Crumbling: American Reform and the Religious Imagination. New York: Oxford University Press, 1994.

Allen, Jeffrey Brooke.  “Were Southern White Critics of Slavery Racists?  Kentucky and the Upper South, 1791-1824.”  The Journal of Southern History 44:2 (May, 1978), pp. 169-190. 

Bailey, David T. Shadow on the Church: Southwestern Evangelical Religion and the Issue of Slavery, 1783-1860. Ithaca: Cornell University Press, 1985. 

Bales, Kevin. Disposable People: New Slavery in the Global Economy. Berkeley: University of California Press, 2012.

Ball_ToLiveanAntislaveryLife.inddBall, Erica. To Live an Antislavery Life: Personal Politics and the Antebellum Black Middle Class. Athens: University of Georgia Press, 2012.

Banner, Louis W.  “Religion and Reform in the Early Republic: The Role of Youth.”  American Quarterly 23:5 (Dec., 1971), pp. 677-695. 

Bayly, C.A. The Birth of the Modern World, 1780-1914: Global Connections and Comparisons.  Malden, MA: Blackwell Publishers, 2004. 

Bellot, Leland J. “Evangelicals and the Defense of Slavery in Britain’s Old Colonial Empire.” Journal of Southern History 37:1 (Feb., 1971),pp. 19-40.

Bender, Thomas, ed.  The Antislavery Debate: Capitalism and Abolitionism as a Problem in Historical Interpretation. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1992.

Blight, David W.  “Perceptions of Southern Intransigence and the Rise of Radical Antislavery Thought, 1816-1830.”  Journal of the Early Republic 3:2 (Summer, 1983), pp. 139-163. 

Boles, John B.  “John Hersey: Dissenting Theologian of Abolitionism, Perfectionism, and Millennialism.”  Methodist History.  14 (July, 1976), pp. 215-34. 

Moral CapitalBrown, Christopher Leslie.  Moral Capital: Foundations of British Abolitionism.  Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 2006. 

Burdros, Art.  “The Antislavery Movement in Early America: Religion, Social Environment and Slave Manumissions.”  Social Forces 84:2 (Dec., 2005), pp. 941-966. 

Davis, David Brion.  “The Emergence of Immediatism in British and American Antislavery Thought.”  The Mississippi Valley Historical Review 49:2 (Sept., 1962), pp. 205-224. 

Davis, David Brion.  In the Image of God: Religion, Moral Values, and Our Heritage of Slavery.  New Haven: Yale University Press, 2001.

Davis, David Brion.  “New Sidelights on Early Antislavery Radicalism.”  The William and Mary Quarterly 28:4 (Oct., 1971), pp. 585-594. 

Davis, David Brion. The Problem of Slavery in the Age of Revolution, 1770-1823. Ithaca: Cornell University Press, 1975.

DavisDavis, David Brion. The Problem of Slavery in Western Culture.  New York: Oxford University Press, 1966.

Davis, David Brion.  “Reflections on Abolitionism and Ideological Hegemony.”  The American Historical Review 92:4 (Winter, 1972), pp. 30-46.

Davis, David Brion.  “The Significance of Excluding Slavery from the Old Northwest in 1787.”  Indiana Magazine of History 84:1 (Mar., 1988), pp. 75-89.

Davis, David Brion.  Slavery and Human Progress. New York: Oxford University Press, 1984.

Davis, David Brion.  “Some Ideological Functions of Prejudice in Ante-Bellum America.”  American Quarterly 15:2 (Summer, 1963), pp. 115-125.

Dillon, Merton. Slavery Attacked: Southern Slaves and their Allies, 1619-1865.  Baton Rouge: Louisiana State University Press, 1990. 

Dorsey, Bruce. “A Gendered History of African Colonization in the Antebellum United States.”  Journal of Social History 34:1 (Autumn, 2000), pp. 77-103.

Drecher AbolitionDrescher, Seymour.  Abolition: A History of Slavery and Antislavery.  New York: Cambridge University Press, 2009. 

Drescher, Seymour.  “The Long Goodbye: Dutch Capitalism and Antislavery in Comparative Perspective.”  The American Historical Review 99:1 (Feb., 1994), pp. 44-69.

Dunbar, Erica Armstrong. A Fragile Freedom: African American Women and Emancipation in the Antebellum City. New Haven: Yale University Press, 2008.

Egerton, Douglass R.  “’Why They Did No Preach Up This Thing:’ Demnark Vesey and Revolutionary Theology.”  The South Carolina Historical Magazine 100:4 (Oct., 1999), pp. 298-318. 

Essig, James D. The Bonds of Wickedness: American Evangelicals Against Slavery, 1770-1808. Philadelphia: Temple University Press, 1982. 

Essig, James D.  “Connecticut Ministers and Slavery, 1790-1795.”  Journal of American Studies 15:1 (Apr., 1981), pp. 27-44.

Essig, James David.  “A Very Wintry Season: Virginia Baptists and Slavery, 1785-1797.”  The Virginia Magazine of History and Biography  88:2 (Apr. 1980), pp. 170-85.

Faust, Drew Gilpin. The Ideology of Slavery: Proslavery Thought in the Antebellum South, 1820-1860. Baton Rouge: Louisiana State University Press, 1981.

FreyFrey, Sylvia R.  Water From  the Rock: Black Resistance in a Revolutionary Age.  Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1992. 

Friedman, Lawrence J.  “Confidence and Pertinacity in Evangelical Abolitionism: Lewis Tappan’s Circle.”  American Quarterly 31:1 (Spring, 1979), pp. 81-106.

Goodman, Paul.  Of One Blood: Abolitionism and the Origins of Racial Equality. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1998.

Gourley, Bruce.  “John Leland: Evolving Views of Slavery, 1789-1839.”  Baptist History and Heritage 40:1 (Winter 2005), pp. 104-116.

Hammond, John L.  “Revival Religion and Antislavery Politics.”  American Sociological Review 39:2 (Apr., 1974), pp. 175-186. 

Harwood, Thomas F.  “British Evangelical Abolitionism and American Churches in the 1830’s.”  The Journal of Southern History 28:3 (Aug., 1962), pp. 287-306. 

Irons, Charles F.  The Origins of Proslavery Christianity: White and Black Evangelicals in Colonial and Antebellum Virginia. Chapel Hill: University Press of North Carolina, 2008. 

A-Shopkeepers-MillenniumJohnson, Paul E. A Shopkeeper’s Millennium: Society and Revivals in Rochester, New York, 1815-1837. New York: Hill and Wang, 1979. 

Jordan, Ryan.  “Quakers, ‘Comeouters,’ and the Meaning of Abolitionism in the Antebellum Free States.” Journal of Early Republic 24:4 (Winter, 2004), pp. 587-608.

Kantrowitz, Stephen D. More than Freedom: Fighting for Black Citizenship in a White Republic, 1829-1889. New York: Penguin Press, 2012.

Levesque, George A.  “Black Abolitionists in the Age of Jackson: Catalysts in the Radicalization of American Abolitionism.”  Journal of Black Studies 1:2 (Dec., 1970), pp. 187-201. 

Lovejoy, David S.  “Samuel Hopkins: Religion, Slavery, and the Revolution.”  The New England Quarterly 40:2 (Jun. 1967), pp. 227-243. 

Loveland, Anne C.  “Evangelicalism and ‘Immediate Emancipation’ in American Antislavery Thought.”  Journal of Southern History 32:2 (May, 1966), pp. 172-188.

Loveland, Anne C.  Southern Evangelicals and the Social Order, 1800-1860  Baton Rouge: Louisiana State University Press, 1980.

Matlack, Lucius C. The History of American Slavery and Methodism from 1780 to 1849, and History of the Wesleyan Methodist Connection of America. Freeport, NY: Books for Libraries Press, 1971.

Matthews, Donald G.  Slavery and Methodism: A Chapter in American Morality, 1780-1845. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 1965. 

All-on-FireMayer, Henry.  All on Fire: William Lloyd Garrison and the Abolition of Slavery.  New York: St. Martin’s Press, 1998.

McDaniel, W. Caleb. The Problem of Democracy in the Era of Slavery.  Baton Rouge: Lousisiana State University Press, 2013.

McKivigan, John R.  Abolitionism and American Religion.  New York: Garland, 1999.

McKivigan, John R.  The War against Proslavery Religion: Abolitionism and the Northern Churches, 1830-1865.  Ithaca, N.Y.: Cornell University Press, 1984.

McKivigan, John R. and Mitchell Snay, eds.  Religion and the Antebellum Debate Over Slavery.  Athens: University of Georgia Press, 1998.

McLoughlin, William G.  Revivals, Awakenings, and Reform.  Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1978.

Melish, Joanne Pope.  Disowning Slavery: Gradual Emancipation and “Race” in New England, 1780-1860.  Ithaca, N.Y.: Cornell University Press, 1998. 

MinardiMinardi, Margot. Making Slavery History: Abolitionism and the Politics of Memory in Massachusetts. New York: Oxford University Press, 2010.

Minkema, Kenneth P. and Harry S. Stout. “The Edwardsean Tradition and the Antislavery Debate, 1740-1865.”  The Journal of American History 92:1 (Jun., 2005), pp. 47-74. 

Minkema, Kenneth P.  “Jonathan Edwards on Slavery and the Slave Trade.”  The William and Mary Quarterly 54:4 (Oct. 1997), pp. 823-834.

Mintz, Steven.  Moralists and Modernizers: America’s Pre-Civil War Reformers.  Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 1995.

Moorehead, James H. “Social Reform and the Divided Conscience of Antebellum Protestantism.”  Church History 48:4 (Dec., 1979), pp. 416-430. 

NashNash, Gary B. Forging Freedom: The Formation of Philadelphia’s Black Community, 1720-1840. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 1988.

Nash, Gary.  “New Light on Richard Allen: The Early Years of Freedom.”  The William and Mary Quarterly 46:2 (apr., 1989), pp. 332-340. 

Najar, Monica.  “’Meddling with Emancipation’: Baptists, Authority, and the Rift over Slavery in the Upper South.”  Journal of the Early Republic 25:2 (Summer, 2005), pp. 157-86. 

Neem, Johann N.  “The Elusive Common Good: Religion and Civil Society in Massachusetts, 1780-1833.”  Journal of the Early Republic 24:3 (Autumn, 2004), pp. 381-417.

Newman, Richard S.  Freedom’s Prophet: Bishop Richard Allen, the AME Church, and the Black Founding Fathers.  New York: NYU Press, 2002.

Transformation of American AbolitionismNewman, Richard S.  The Transformation of American Abolitionism: Fighting Slavery in the Early Republic.  Chapel Hill, N.C.: University of North Carolina, 2002. 

Painter, Nell Irvin. Sojourner Truth: A Life, A Symbol. New York: W.W. Norton, 1996.

Perry, Lewis.  Radical Abolitionism: Anarchy and the Government of God in Antislavery Thought.  Ithaca, N.Y.: Cornell University Press, 1973. 

Posey, Walter B.  “The Baptists and Slavery in the Lower Mississippi Valley.”  Journal of Negro History 41:2 (Apr., 1956), pp. 117-130. 

Rael, Patrick. Black Identity and Black Protest in the Antebellum North. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 2002.

Salliant, John.  “Slavery and Divine Providence in New England Calvinism: The New Divinity and a Black Protest, 1775-1805.”  The New England Quarterly.  68:4 (Dec., 1995), pp. 584-608. 

Saillant, John.  “’Some Thoughts on the Subject of Freeing the Negro Slaves in the Colony of Connecticut Humbly Offered to the Consideration of All Friends to Liberty & Justice,’ by Levi Hart.”  The New England Quarterly.  75:1 (Mar., 2002), pp. 107-128.

Schmidt, Fredrika Teute and Barbara Ripel Wilhelm.  “Early Proslavery Petitions in Virginia.”  The William and Mary Quarterly.  30:1 (Jan., 1973), pp. 133-146. 

Schultz, Stanley K.  “The Making of a Reformer: The Reverend Samuel Hopkins as an Eighteenth-Century Abolitionist.”  Proceedings of the American Philosophical Society.  115:5 (Oct. 15, 1971), pp. 350-65. 

Scully, Randolph Ferguson.  Religion and the Making of Nat Turner’s Virginia: Baptist Community and Conflict, 1740-1840.  Charlottesville: University of Virginia Press, 2008.

SklarSklar, Kathryn K. and James B. Stewart. Women’s Rights and Transatlantic Antislavery in the Era of Emancipation. New Haven: Yale University Press, 2007.

Smith, Timothy L. Revivalism and Social Reform in Mid-Nineteenth-Century America.  New York: Abingdon Press, 1957.

Soderlund, Jean R.  Quakers and Slavery: A Divided Spirit.  Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1985.

Sorin, Gerald.  The New York Abolitionists: A Case Study in Political Radicalism.  Westport, Conn.: Greenwood Publishing Corp., 1971.

Stauffer, John.  “Creating an Image in Black: The Power of Abolition Pictures,” in Prophets of Protest: Reconsidering the History of American Abolitionism, edited by Timothy Patrick McCarthy and John Stauffer (New York: New Press, 2006), pp. 256-267

Stauffer, John. Black Hearts of Men: Radical Abolitionists and the Transformation of Race.  Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 2002. 

Stewart, James B. Abolitionist Politics and the Coming of the Civil War. Amherst: University of Massachusetts Press, 2008.

Stewart, James Brewer.  “Evangelicalism and the Radical Strain in Southern Antislavery Thought During the 1820’s.”  The Journal of Southern History 39:3 (Aug., 1973), pp. 379-396.

Holy WarriorsStewart, James Brewer.  Holy Warriors: The Abolitionists and American Slavery.  New York: Hill and Wang, 1976.

Strong, Douglas M.  Perfectionist Politics: Abolitionism and the Religious Tensions of American Democracy.  Syracuse, N.Y.: Syracuse University Press, 1999. 

Tise, Larry E.  Proslavery: A History of the Defense of Slavery in America, 1701-1840.  Athens: University of Georgia Press, 1987. 

Walters, Ronald G.  American Reformers, 1815-1860.  New York: Hill and Wang, 1978. 

Walters, Ronald G.  The Antislavery Appeal: American Abolitionism after 1830.  Baltimore: The Johns Hopkins University Press, 1976.

Walters, Ronald G.  “The Erotic South: Civilization and Sexuality in American Abolitionism.”  American Quarterly 25: 2 (May, 1973), pp. 177-201.

Wills, David W. and Richard Newman, eds.  Black Apostles at Home and Abroad: Afro-Americans and the Christians Mission from the Revolution to Reconstruction.  Boston: G. K. Hall, 1982. 

WinchWinch, Julie. Philadelphia’s Black Elite: Activism, Accommodation, and the Struggle for Autonomy, 1787-1848. Philadelphia: Temple University Press, 1988.

Wolf, Eva Sheppard.  Race and Liberty in the New Nation: Emancipation in Virginia from the Revolution to Nat Turner’s Rebellion.  Baton Rouge: Louisiana State University Press, 2008. 

Wyatt-Brown, Bertram.  Lewis Tappan and the Evangelical War Against Slavery.  Cleveland: The Press of Case Western Reserve University, 1969.

Wyatt-Brown, Bertram.  “Prelude to Abolitionism: Sabbatarian Politics and the Rise of the Second Party System.  The Journal of American History 58:2 (Sep., 1971), pp. 316-341.


Yee, Shirley J.  Black Women Abolitionists: a Study in Activism, 1828-1860 (Knoxville: University of Tennessee Press, 1992).

Yellin, Jean Fagan. Women & Sisters: The Antislavery Feminists in American Culture. New Haven, Conn.: Yale University Press.

Zilversmit, Arthur.  The First Emancipation: The Abolition of Slavery in the North.  Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1967.